模組:Unicode data

嚟自維基辭典
跳去導覽 跳去搵嘢

喺辭條裏面加入字元圖像[編輯]

U+6508, U+651F, U+22E72, U+6343.svg

各人電腦規格有別,因此經常會出現某啲電腦顯示唔到某啲字嘅情況。喺爾個時候,用戶可以自己製作顯示唔到嘅字嘅圖像,上傳去維基同享俾大家用。具體做法如下:

  1. 將自己製作嘅圖像上傳去維基同享,上傳嗰陣選擇{{self|cc-by-sa-4.0}}做牌照。
  2. 喺源碼編輯器下面攈「模組:Unicode data/images/幾幾幾」。
  3. 單擊「模組:Unicode data/images/幾幾幾」。
  4. 喺彈出來嘅編輯框裏面輸入以下源碼:
    return {
    [ 0x字元一Unicode代碼 ] = "圖像名稱.png",
    }
    • 注意:字元Unicode代碼省略「U+」、圖像名稱省略前綴「檔案:」;最後面嗰個半形逗號「,」唔可以漏,否則就係語法錯誤。
  5. 單擊「發佈呢頁」。恁樣{{字元資料}}就可以喺辭條裏面顯示字元嘅圖像。
  6. 如果有需要加其他字嘅圖像嘅話,喺兩個括號之間加入以下源碼:
    [ 0x字元二Unicode代碼 ] = "圖像名稱.png",
    • 注意:加入新源碼嘅時候唔需要複製粘貼埋return { }

local export = {}

local floor = math.floor

local function errorf(...)
	local first_arg = ...
	if type(first_arg) == "number" then
		return error(string.format(select(2, ...)), first_arg + 1)
	else
		return error(string.format(...), 2)
	end
end

local function binary_range_search(codepoint, ranges)
	local low, mid, high
	low, high = 1, ranges.length or require "Module:table".length(ranges)
	while low <= high do
		mid = floor((low + high) / 2)
		local range = ranges[mid]
		if codepoint < range[1] then
			high = mid - 1
		elseif codepoint <= range[2] then
			return range, mid
		else
			low = mid + 1
		end
	end
	return nil, mid
end
export.binary_range_search = binary_range_search

local function linear_range_search(codepoint, ranges)
	for i, range in ipairs(ranges) do
		if codepoint < range[1] then
			break
		elseif codepoint <= range[2] then
			return range
		end
	end
end

-- Load a module by indexing "loader" with the name of the module minus the
-- "Module:Unicode data/" part. For instance, loader.blocks returns
-- [[Module:Unicode data/blocks]]. If a module cannot be loaded, false will be
-- returned.
local loader = setmetatable({}, {
	__index = function (self, key)
		local success, data = pcall(mw.loadData, "Module:Unicode data/" .. key)
		if not success then
			data = false
		end
		self[key] = data
		return data
	end
})

-- For the algorithm used to generate Hangul Syllable names,
-- see "Hangul Syllable Name Generation" in section 3.12 of the
-- Unicode Specification:
-- https://www.unicode.org/versions/Unicode11.0.0/ch03.pdf
local name_hooks = {
	{     0x00,     0x1F, "<control-%04X>" }, -- C0 control characters
	{     0x7F,     0x9F, "<control-%04X>" }, -- DEL and C1 control characters
	{   0x3400,   0x4DB5, "CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-%04X" }, -- CJK Ideograph Extension A
	{   0x4E00,   0x9FEF, "CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-%04X" }, -- CJK Ideograph
	{   0xAC00,   0xD7A3, function (codepoint) -- Hangul Syllables
		local Hangul_data = loader.Hangul
		local syllable_index = codepoint - 0xAC00

		return ("HANGUL SYLLABLE %s%s%s"):format(
			Hangul_data.leads[floor(syllable_index / Hangul_data.final_count)],
			Hangul_data.vowels[floor((syllable_index % Hangul_data.final_count)
				/ Hangul_data.trail_count)],
			Hangul_data.trails[syllable_index % Hangul_data.trail_count]
		)
	end },
	-- High Surrogates, High Private Use Surrogates, Low Surrogates
	{   0xD800,   0xDFFF, "<surrogate-%04X>" },
	{   0xE000,   0xF8FF, "<private-use-%04X>" }, -- Private Use
	-- CJK Compatibility Ideographs
	{   0xF900,   0xFA6D, "CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-%04X" },
	{   0xFA70,   0xFAD9, "CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-%04X" },
	{  0x17000,  0x187F1, "TANGUT IDEOGRAPH-%04X" }, -- Tangut
	{  0x18800,  0x18AF2, function (codepoint)
		return ("TANGUT COMPONENT-%03d"):format(codepoint - 0x187FF)
	end },
	{  0x1B170,  0x1B2FB, "NUSHU CHARACTER-%04X" }, -- Nushu
	{  0x20000,  0x2A6D6, "CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-%04X" }, -- CJK Ideograph Extension B
	{  0x2A700,  0x2B734, "CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-%04X" }, -- CJK Ideograph Extension C
	{  0x2A740,  0x2B81D, "CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-%04X" }, -- CJK Ideograph Extension D
	{  0x2B820,  0x2CEA1, "CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-%04X" }, -- CJK Ideograph Extension E
	{  0x2CEB0,  0x2EBE0, "CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-%04X" }, -- CJK Ideograph Extension F
	-- CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement (Supplementary Ideographic Plane)
	{  0x2F800,  0x2FA1D, "CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-%04X" },
	{  0xE0100,  0xE01EF, function (codepoint) -- Variation Selectors Supplement
		return ("VARIATION SELECTOR-%d"):format(codepoint - 0xE0100 + 17)
	end},
	{  0xF0000,  0xFFFFD, "<private-use-%04X>" }, -- Plane 15 Private Use
	{ 0x100000, 0x10FFFD, "<private-use-%04X>" }  -- Plane 16 Private Use
}
name_hooks.length = #name_hooks

local name_range_cache

local function generate_name(data, codepoint)
	if type(data) == "string" then
		return data:format(codepoint)
	else
		return data(codepoint)
	end
end

--[[
-- Checks that the code point is a number and in range.
-- Does not check whether code point is an integer.
-- Not used
local function check_codepoint(funcName, argIdx, val)
	require 'libraryUtil'.checkType(funcName, argIdx, val, 'number')
	if codepoint < 0 or 0x10FFFF < codepoint then
		errorf("Codepoint %04X out of range", codepoint)
	end
end
--]]

-- https://www.unicode.org/versions/Unicode11.0.0/ch04.pdf, section 4.8
function export.lookup_name(codepoint)
	-- U+FDD0-U+FDEF and all code points ending in FFFE or FFFF are Unassigned
	-- (Cn) and specifically noncharacters:
	-- https://www.unicode.org/faq/private_use.html#nonchar4
	if 0xFDD0 <= codepoint and (codepoint <= 0xFDEF
			or floor(codepoint % 0x10000) >= 0xFFFE) then
		return ("<noncharacter-%04X>"):format(codepoint)
	end

	if name_range_cache -- Check if previously used "name hook" applies to this code point.
			and codepoint >= name_range_cache[1]
			and codepoint <= name_range_cache[2] then
		return generate_name(name_range_cache[3], codepoint)
	end
	
	local range = binary_range_search(codepoint, name_hooks)
	if range then
		name_range_cache = range
		return generate_name(range[3], codepoint)
	end

	local data = loader[('names/%03X'):format(codepoint / 0x1000)]
	
	if data and data[codepoint] then
		return data[codepoint]
	
	-- Unassigned (Cn) consists of noncharacters and reserved characters.
	-- The character has been established not to be a noncharacter,
	-- and if it were assigned, its name would already been retrieved,
	-- so it must be reserved.
	else
		return ("<reserved-%04X>"):format(codepoint)
	end
end

function export.lookup_image(codepoint)
	local data = loader[('images/%03X'):format(codepoint / 0x1000)]
	
	if data then
		return data[codepoint]
	end
end

local planes = {
	[ 0] = "Basic Multilingual Plane";
	[ 1] = "Supplementary Multilingual Plane";
	[ 2] = "Supplementary Ideographic Plane";
	[13] = "Supplementary Special-purpose Plane";
	[14] = "Supplementary Private Use Area-A";
	[15] = "Supplementary Private Use Area-B";
}

-- Load [[Module:Unicode data/blocks]] if needed and assign it to this variable.
local blocks

local function block_iter(blocks, i)
	i = i + 1
	local data = blocks[i]
	if data then
		 -- Unpack doesn't work on tables loaded with mw.loadData.
		return i, data[3], data[1], data[2]
	end
end

-- An ipairs-type iterator generator for the list of blocks.
function export.enum_blocks()
	local blocks = loader.blocks
	return block_iter, blocks, 0
end

function export.get_block_range(name)
	local range
	
	for i, block in ipairs(loader.blocks) do
		if block[3] == name then
			range = block
		end
	end
	
	if range then
		return range[1], range[2]
	end
end

function export.lookup_plane(codepoint)
	local i = floor(codepoint / 0x10000)
	return planes[i] or ("Plane %u"):format(i)
end

function export.lookup_block(codepoint)
	local blocks = loader.blocks
	local range = binary_range_search(codepoint, blocks)
	if range then
		return range[3]
	else
		return "No Block"
	end
end

function export.get_block_info(name)
	for i, block in ipairs(loader.blocks) do
		if block[3] == name then
			return block
		end
	end
end

function export.is_valid_pagename(pagename)
	local has_nonws = false

	for cp in mw.ustring.gcodepoint(pagename) do
		if (cp == 0x0023) -- #
		or (cp == 0x005B) -- [
		or (cp == 0x005D) -- ]
		or (cp == 0x007B) -- {
		or (cp == 0x007C) -- |
		or (cp == 0x007D) -- }
		or (cp == 0x180E) -- MONGOLIAN VOWEL SEPARATOR
		or ((cp >= 0x2000) and (cp <= 0x200A)) -- spaces in General Punctuation block
		or (cp == 0xFFFD) -- REPLACEMENT CHARACTER
		then
			return false
		end

		local printable, result = export.is_printable(cp)
		if not printable then
			return false
		end

		if result ~= "space-separator" then
			has_nonws = true
		end
	end

	return has_nonws
end

local function manual_unpack(what, from)
	if what[from + 1] == nil then
		return what[from]
	end
	
	local result = {}
	from = from or 1
	for i, item in ipairs(what) do
		if i >= from then
			table.insert(result, item)
		end
	end
	return unpack(result)
end

local function compare_ranges(range1, range2)
	return range1[1] < range2[1]
end

-- Creates a function to look up data in a module that contains "single" (a
-- code point-to-data map) and "ranges" (an array containing arrays that contain
-- the low and high code points of a range and the data associated with that
-- range).
-- "loader" loads and returns the "singles" and "ranges" tables.
-- "match_func" is passed the code point and either the data or the "dots", and
-- generates the final result of the function.
-- The varargs ("dots") describes the default data to be returned if there wasn't
-- a match.
-- In case the function is used more than once, "cache" saves ranges that have
-- already been found to match, or a range whose data is the default if there
-- was no match.
local function memo_lookup(data_module_subpage, match_func, ...)
	local dots = { ... }
	local cache = {}
	local singles, ranges

	return function (codepoint)
		if not singles then
			local data_module = loader[data_module_subpage]
			singles, ranges = data_module.single, data_module.ranges
		end

		if singles[codepoint] then
			return match_func(codepoint, singles[codepoint])
		end

		local range = binary_range_search(codepoint, cache)
		if range then
			return match_func(codepoint, manual_unpack(range, 3))
		end
		
		local range, index = binary_range_search(codepoint, ranges)
		if range then
			table.insert(cache, range)
			table.sort(cache, compare_ranges)
			return match_func(codepoint, manual_unpack(range, 3))
		end
		
		if ranges[index] then
			local dots_range
			if codepoint > ranges[index][2] then
				dots_range = {
					ranges[index][2] + 1,
					ranges[index + 1] and ranges[index + 1][1] - 1 or 0x10FFFF,
					unpack(dots)
				}
			else -- codepoint < range[index][1]
				dots_range = {
					ranges[index - 1] and ranges[index - 1][2] + 1 or 0,
					ranges[index][1] - 1,
					unpack(dots)
				}
			end
			table.sort(cache, compare_ranges)
		end
		
		return match_func(codepoint)
	end
end

-- Get a code point's combining class value in [[Module:Unicode data/combining]],
-- and return whether this value is not zero. Zero is assigned as the default
-- if the combining class value is not found in this data module.
-- That is, return true if character is combining, or false if it is not.
-- See https://www.unicode.org/reports/tr44/#Canonical_Combining_Class_Values for
-- more information.
export.is_combining = memo_lookup(
	"combining",
	function (codepoint, combining_class)
		return combining_class and combining_class ~= 0 or false
	end,
	0)

function export.add_dotted_circle(str)
	return (mw.ustring.gsub(str, ".",
		function(char)
			if export.is_combining(mw.ustring.codepoint(char)) then
				return '◌' .. char
			end
		end))
end

local lookup_control = memo_lookup(
	"control",
	function (codepoint, ccc)
		return ccc or "assigned"
	end,
	"assigned")
export.lookup_control = lookup_control

function export.is_assigned(codepoint)
	return lookup_control(codepoint) ~= "unassigned"
end

function export.is_printable(codepoint)
	local result = lookup_control(codepoint)
	return (result == "assigned") or (result == "space-separator"), result
end

function export.is_whitespace(codepoint)
	local result = lookup_control(codepoint)
	return (result == "space-separator"), result
end

export.lookup_category = memo_lookup(
	"category",
	function (codepoint, category)
		return category
	end,
	"Cn")

-- Save previously used codepoint ranges in case another character is in the
-- same range.
local ranges_cache = {}

--[=[
	Takes a codepoint or a character and finds the script code (if any) that is
	appropriate for it based on the codepoint, using the data module
	[[Module:Unicode data/scripts]]. The data module was generated from the
	patterns in [[Module:scripts/data]] using [[Module:User:Erutuon/script recognition]].

	Converts the character to a codepoint. Returns a script code if the codepoint
	is in the list of individual characters, or if it is in one of the defined
	ranges in the 4096-character block that it belongs to, else returns "None".
]=]
function export.char_to_script(char)
	local lookup = loader.scripts
	local t = type(char)
	local codepoint
	if t == "string" then
		local etc
		codepoint, etc = mw.ustring.codepoint(char)
		if etc then
			error("Argument to char_to_script should be a single character.")
		end
	elseif t == "number" then
		codepoint = char
	else
		error(("bad argument #1 to 'char_to_script' (expected string or a number, got %s)")
			:format(t))
	end

	local individual_match = lookup.individual[codepoint]
	if individual_match then
		return individual_match
	else
		local range
		if ranges_cache[1] then
			range = linear_range_search(codepoint, ranges_cache)
			if range then
				return range[3]
			end
		end

		local index = floor(codepoint / 0x1000)

		range = linear_range_search(index, lookup.blocks)
		if not range and lookup[index] then
			range = binary_range_search(codepoint, lookup[index])
			if range then
				table.insert(ranges_cache, range)
				table.sort(ranges_cache, compare_ranges)
			end
		end
		
		return range and range[3] or "None"
	end
end

function export.find_best_script(text)
	local scripts = {}
	for character in text:gmatch("[%z\1-\127\194-\244][\128-\191]*") do
		local script = export.char_to_script(character)
		scripts[script] = (scripts[script] or 0) + 1
	end
	
	local best_script
	local greatest_count = 0
	for script, count in pairs(scripts) do
		if count > greatest_count then
			best_script = script
			greatest_count = count
		end
	end
	
	return best_script
end

local unsupported_title = {
	[0x0020] = "唔支援嘅標題/空格";
	[0x0023] = "唔支援嘅標題/井號";
	[0x002E] = "唔支援嘅標題/句號";
	[0x003A] = "唔支援嘅標題/冒號";
	[0x003C] = "唔支援嘅標題/細過符號";
	[0x003E] = "唔支援嘅標題/大過符號";
	[0x005B] = "唔支援嘅標題/左邊中括號";
	[0x005D] = "唔支援嘅標題/右邊中括號";
	[0x005F] = "唔支援嘅標題/底綫";
	[0x007B] = "唔支援嘅標題/左邊大括號";
	[0x007C] = "唔支援嘅標題/垂直綫";
	[0x007D] = "唔支援嘅標題/右邊大括號";
	[0x1680] = "唔支援嘅標題/歐甘空格";
	[0xFFFD] = "唔支援嘅標題/替換字元";
}

function export.get_entry_title(codepoint)
	if unsupported_title[codepoint] then
		return unsupported_title[codepoint]
	end
	if lookup_control(codepoint) ~= "assigned" then
		return nil
	end
	return mw.ustring.char(codepoint)
end

return export